How to get Thyroidectomy Surgery Abroad at affordable costs

Published: 09th December 2009
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Thyroidectomy is the surgical removal of the thyroid gland. The surgical procedure of thyroidectomy involves a partial or a complete removal of the thyroid (a gland, which is located in front of the lower neck, just above the trachea). There are various destinations, across the globe that offers surgical procedures to manage thyroid disorders. India, Jordon, turkey, Costa Rica and Mexico rank high up in the list, as they provide cost effective and excellent quality health care services. This article teaches you about the things you must know before considering thyroidectomy surgery abroad and the ways you can get thyroidectomy surgery abroad at affordable costs.

Indications for thyroidectomy:

1. A large goiter which is not likely to respond to anti-thyroid drugs, may require a surgical removal of the thyroid gland, in order to avoid pressure on the trachea and the esophagus, which could subsequently result in breathing and swallowing difficulties, respectively.

2. Persistent side effects of drug therapy or poor drug compliance or non response to radioactive iodine therapy, resulting in recurrent episodes of hyperthyroidism requires an excision of the thyroid gland.

3. Thyroidectomy is used to obviate the need for radioactive iodine therapy, especially in children.

4. In pregnant women, when drug therapy fails to control hyperthyroidism, thyroid surgery is recommended

5. Malignancies and tumors of the thyroid gland require surgical excision.

6. It is also recommended in cases of clinical manifestations like a rapid growth of the thyroid gland, severe pain, and cervical lymphadenopathy, or when there has been previous irradiation to the neck. A Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) needs to the preformed to confirm the diagnosis and decide on the type of surgery.

7. Functionally or anatomically benign goitres, cause a lot of anxiety among patients and are preferred to be surgically excised for cosmetic reasons.

Preparing for Thyroidectomy:

• Two to four weeks prior to the surgical procedure, all anti-thyroid drugs are withdrawn.

• Potassium iodide 60 mg, thrice a day is prescribed, about a week prior to the procedure, to reduce vascularity (blood supply) to the gland.

• 10 to 12 hours of 'nil by mouth' (refraining from eating or drinking) is a pre-requisite for the surgery.

Thyroidectomy procedure:

The thyroid surgery can be classified into three main types.

1. Total thyroidectomy: This involves the complete and total removal of the gland.

This type of surgical procedure is recommended in cases of thyroid cancers, particularly in, destructive cancers, such as anaplastic or medullary thyroid cancer. It is frequently suggested in the management of larger goiters including Graves' hyperthyroidism.

2. Subtotal thyroidectomy or partial thyroidectomy: It is the partial removal of the gland. This course of action is suitable for tumors that are smaller in size and non-aggressive like follicular and papillary cancers which are limited to only one side of the gland. While performing a partial or subtotal thyroidectomy, the gland is removed bilaterally, in such a way that one to five grams of the thyroid tissue is left behind in either lobes of the gland.

3. Thyroid lobectomy: A less frequently used procedure, which involves the removal of about of a quarter of the gland.

The surgical procedure takes not more than 2 hours. The surgery is invariably performed under general anesthesia.

Some surgeons use local anesthesia (to make the area numb) plus a sedative (to keep you calm). Surgery under local anesthesia is becoming progressively more popular, since it reduces the hospital stay, diminishes the time for surgery, and also lessens the nausea and vomiting after the surgery.

The surgeon will make a 3 to 5 inch incision across the base of the neck, in front. The skin and muscles are drawn back to expose the gland. The incision is usually made so that it falls in the fold of the skin in the neck, making it less perceptible. Blood supply to the gland is tied off, and the parathyroid glands are recognized (so as to shield them). The surgeon then separates the trachea from the thyroid, and removes all or part of the gland.

Complications that could occur after the thyroidectomy operation:

1. Hypothyroidism occurs in about 10 % of the cases, within 1 year of the surgery, but the percentage occurrence increases with time.

2. Recurrent hyperthyroidism occurs in 1 to 3 % patients

3. Transient hypocalcemia takes place in up to 10 % of patients.

4. Laryngeal nerve palsy occurs in 1 % patients.

5. Early post-operative bleeding is a rare complication and calls for an emergency removal of clips and sutures to allow the escape of blood or haematoma.

Post-operative measures, after thyroidectomy

• In order to aid the collection of blood and fluids from the wound site, a drain is placed which is removed after about two days.

• The patient is put on to thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4), indefinitely, to prevent hypothyroidism or myxedema. (A deficiency of circulating thyroid hormone could cause severe hypothyroidism.)

Common occurrences after a thyroidectomy

• There would be episodes of pain, swelling, and bruising around the wound area.

• Voice could become hoarse. But, this is usually temporary and the voice regains its normal tone after a few days.

• For the initial few days, eating and drinking could be associated with some discomfort and pain.

• You will feel slight lethargy and weariness after the surgery.

• The area can be washed only after 7 to 10 days.

• Light jobs can be undertaken after a period of 2 weeks.

Thyroidectomy in India

India provides international quality of medical care at a fraction of the cost compared to those in Europe and United States. Indian hospitals are known to offer high quality medical care services, and that has been emphasized through the growing number of hospitals that have achieved the Joint Commission International (JCI) accreditation, over the past few years.

Thyroidectomy in Turkey

The availability of highly qualified, experienced and trained surgeons, coupled with the use of latest technological innovations has made Turkey a top medical tourism destination for thyroidectomy. The medical services grant good after care and also prevent the occurrences of complications.

Thyroidectomy in Mexico

Mexico offers superior quality of medical services for conducting thyroidectomy, promptly, and at an affordable cost. The hospitals are well equipped with modern surgical procedures and eminent medical facilities.

Author is a content writer and medical tourism management expert. In this article author discuss about thyroidectomy surgery abroad and various international locations where you can get affordable treatment for thyroidectomy. For more information visit

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